- Is the selvage edge always straight?
- Which yarns are parallel to selvedge?
- What does parallel to selvage mean?
- How do you determine if pattern pieces are placed on the straight of grain?
- Which way should fabric stretch?
- What fabrics have 4 way stretch?
- How do you know which way the grain runs on fabric?
- Why is the grain line important?
- What fabric has 4 way stretch?
- What tension should I use for stretch fabric?
- What is the selvage edge of material?
- What is leno selvedge?
- What is warp direction?
- Which is stronger warp or weft?
- Do you cut fabric with the grain?
- Do you fold fabric selvage to selvage?
- Can you use a without nap layout with napped fabric?
- Do I need to cut off the selvage?
- How can you tell if a fabric is biased?
- Do you cut off selvage when making curtains?
Is the selvage edge always straight?
The selvage line is generally always straight.
Sometimes you will see it waver just a bit but it pretty much gives you a straight line.
So, cut off the line of selvage in a straight line….
and you have your straight edge of fabric to work from..
Which yarns are parallel to selvedge?
Woven Fabric The lengthwise yarns (sometimes called the warp) run parallel to the selvage edge of the fabric. They are usually more tightly twisted, stronger, and more stable than the crosswise yarns. The crosswise yarns (sometimes called the woof, weft, or filling) are perpendicular, or at right angles to the selvage.
What does parallel to selvage mean?
The selvages run parallel to the lengthwise yarns in the fabric( warp yarns). On the fabric both the selvedges will be finished to prevent unraveling of the fabric edges and is a hard edge which you cut off before using the fabric for sewing. The length of the fabric is measured along the selvage.
How do you determine if pattern pieces are placed on the straight of grain?
How to make sure your pattern piece is straight. For pattern pieces not cut on the fold, your piece is straight if the grainline is parallel to the selvage of your fabric. You need to use a tape measure or ruler to measure the distance from the grainline of your piece to the selvage of your fabric.
Which way should fabric stretch?
When copying your pattern, choose the direction of your fabric wisely. The direction of the greatest stretch has to go across your body, rather than up and down. This will give you the best fit from stretch fabrics.
What fabrics have 4 way stretch?
What Fabrics Have 4-Way StretchKnits – there are jersey knits, woolen jersey fabric, 3 by 3 rib knit, bamboo jersey, double knit and more.Spandex – cotton spandex, polyester spandex, nylon spandex, rayon spandex, stretch satin, stretch velvet, stretch denim and more.More items…
How do you know which way the grain runs on fabric?
Fabric grain also affects the way fabric will hang and drape. It’s easy to figure out where the grain in a fabric is. To figure out where the grain is, pull your fabric in several directions. The direction with hardly any stretch is the direction of the grain.
Why is the grain line important?
The reason why these threads are important to the grainline is that they each react in different ways. … So for example on the straight front placket of a shirt, you don’t want it to go out of shape so if you align it with the strongest threads then it will hold it’s shape better.
What fabric has 4 way stretch?
Four-way (or 4-way) stretch means a fabric stretches and recovers both width and lengthwise. Fabrics using or that are nylon/Lycra are an example of four-way stretch fabric.
What tension should I use for stretch fabric?
You have to use an appropriate tension setting to stitch your stretchy fabric. For materials such as elastane, lycra, and many others, a higher tension level of 2-3 should do the trick for you.
What is the selvage edge of material?
A selvage is the tightly woven edge of a fabric. It prevents the side edges of the fabric from raveling or fraying. Don’t use the selvage in your project! The selvage, because it’s densely woven, is sturdier than the rest of the fabric, so it can be more difficult to sew through.
What is leno selvedge?
Leno selvedge: Leno selvedge is formed by one or more pairs of strong, highly tensioned ends that interface with the weft on the leno principle. Warp threads are crossed and interwoven into the edges of the fabric.
What is warp direction?
The warp direction refers to the threads that run the length of the fabric. This is also known as the machine direction because it’s the direction the threads run on the loom. It forms the longer dimension of the fabric and is the direction of the roll length.
Which is stronger warp or weft?
Warps yarns are stronger compared to weft yarns. During the weaving warps are held under high tension, moves up and down for shed formation. Warp yarns are finer than weft yarns. The weft yarn is inserted over-an-under the warp yarns.
Do you cut fabric with the grain?
Fabric squares and rectangles are nearly always cut with their edges along the straight grains to minimize stretch during sewing and handling. Since they do not stretch easily, long strips of fabric cut on the lengthwise grain make good quilt borders and sashing.
Do you fold fabric selvage to selvage?
When your fabric is folded in half lengthwise, selvage to selvage and cut edges matching, there should be no diagonal wrinkles across your fabric. You should also have a lengthwise fold that is straight and lies flat and is not twisted or wrinkled. … Fabric only lays flat when the cut edges are UNEVEN.
Can you use a without nap layout with napped fabric?
Velvet, velveteen, velour, flannel, corduroy, terry cloth, chenille, mohair, and cashmere are some examples of napped fabrics. Some fabrics like satin and moire taffeta, do not have a nap, but the effect will be the same and must be cut out using the with nap layout.
Do I need to cut off the selvage?
Selvage: The selvage is the tightly woven edge on either side of a width of fabric. The selvage doesn’t move or stretch the same as the rest of the fabric so you’ll want to cut them off (or square up) before cutting the rest of the fabric.
How can you tell if a fabric is biased?
So if you have a piece of fabric laying down flat, and your selvage is along the bottom…….. Then you can fold edge of the fabric on the left, down to the selvage edge, creating a diagonal fold. If you cut right along that diagonal fold, you are cutting on the bias……or a 45 degree angle to the selvage.
Do you cut off selvage when making curtains?
It depends on the fabric as some selvedges are tighter than others. In the grand scheme of things when you are making curtains the time taken to trim off the selvedges is not that much, but unless the selvedges look very tight I do tend to leave them on.