- Which yarns are parallel to selvedge?
- How do you find the Grainline?
- What is leno selvedge?
- What do the numbers on fabric selvage mean?
- What is a nap in sewing?
- How do you know which way the grain runs on fabric?
- Which way should fabric stretch?
- Where is the selvage on fabric?
- How can you tell if a fabric is biased?
- Do grain lines run parallel to selvage?
- How do you know which way the grain of fabric runs?
- How do you find the selvage of a fabric?
- How do you determine if pattern pieces are placed on the straight of grain?
- What direction is warp?
- Do you cut patterns on the wrong side of fabric?
- Do you fold fabric selvage to selvage?
- What does selvedge mean?
- Is the selvage edge always straight?
Which yarns are parallel to selvedge?
Woven Fabric The lengthwise yarns (sometimes called the warp) run parallel to the selvage edge of the fabric.
They are usually more tightly twisted, stronger, and more stable than the crosswise yarns.
The crosswise yarns (sometimes called the woof, weft, or filling) are perpendicular, or at right angles to the selvage..
How do you find the Grainline?
The grainline can be determined from the salvage. Sometimes, however, we do not have the salvage and have to find the grainline other ways. First, we can look at the fabric. Since the warp and weft are weaved together and run perpendicular to each other, we can find a straight thread and place the pattern.
What is leno selvedge?
Leno selvedge: Leno selvedge is formed by one or more pairs of strong, highly tensioned ends that interface with the weft on the leno principle. Warp threads are crossed and interwoven into the edges of the fabric.
What do the numbers on fabric selvage mean?
The colored markings printed along the selvedge edge of a screen printed fabric are color registrations. They represent the number of different colored screens used to make the print. … For example, the color with the number 1 represents the first color that was printed and so on and so on.
What is a nap in sewing?
Essentials for Sewing Velvet, Corduroy, and Other Fabrics Since the 15th century, the term “nap” in sewing has referred to a special pile given to cloth. Pile refers to raised fibers that are there on purpose, rather than as a by-product of producing the cloth.
How do you know which way the grain runs on fabric?
Fabric grain also affects the way fabric will hang and drape. It’s easy to figure out where the grain in a fabric is. To figure out where the grain is, pull your fabric in several directions. The direction with hardly any stretch is the direction of the grain.
Which way should fabric stretch?
When copying your pattern, choose the direction of your fabric wisely. The direction of the greatest stretch has to go across your body, rather than up and down. This will give you the best fit from stretch fabrics.
Where is the selvage on fabric?
The selvage is the tightly woven edge on either side of a width of fabric. The selvage doesn’t move or stretch the same as the rest of the fabric so you’ll want to cut them off (or square up) before cutting the rest of the fabric.
How can you tell if a fabric is biased?
So if you have a piece of fabric laying down flat, and your selvage is along the bottom…….. Then you can fold edge of the fabric on the left, down to the selvage edge, creating a diagonal fold. If you cut right along that diagonal fold, you are cutting on the bias……or a 45 degree angle to the selvage.
Do grain lines run parallel to selvage?
The line of fabric that moves at a right angle to the crosswise grain is the lengthwise grainline. This thread runs the entire length of the fabric and is parallel to the selvage. … Unless otherwise noted, grain or grainline generally refers to the lengthwise grain.
How do you know which way the grain of fabric runs?
Fabric grain refers to the direction of the warp and weft threads used in weaving the fabric. Straight grain is in the direction of the warp threads, which run parallel to the selvages, and cross grain runs in the direction of the weft threads, which run perpendicular to the selvage edges.
How do you find the selvage of a fabric?
Fabric selvage is the tightly woven edge that runs along each side of a piece of fabric’s lengthwise grain, which is also called the fabric’s warp. Selvage edges can be seen on the edges of quilting fabric that are at the top and bottom of a bolt of fabric. In Great Britain, the same term is often spelled “selvedge.”
How do you determine if pattern pieces are placed on the straight of grain?
How to make sure your pattern piece is straight. For pattern pieces not cut on the fold, your piece is straight if the grainline is parallel to the selvage of your fabric. You need to use a tape measure or ruler to measure the distance from the grainline of your piece to the selvage of your fabric.
What direction is warp?
The warp direction refers to the threads that run the length of the fabric. This is also known as the machine direction because it’s the direction the threads run on the loom. It forms the longer dimension of the fabric and is the direction of the roll length.
Do you cut patterns on the wrong side of fabric?
Fold the fabric as shown in the instructions, with right sides of the fabric together. Most patterns indicate the right side (the pretty side) using a darker shade than the wrong side. (Occasionally, you may be instructed to cut a fabric on the right side, or to “cut one” meaning to cut on single layer.)
Do you fold fabric selvage to selvage?
When your fabric is folded in half lengthwise, selvage to selvage and cut edges matching, there should be no diagonal wrinkles across your fabric. You should also have a lengthwise fold that is straight and lies flat and is not twisted or wrinkled. … Fabric only lays flat when the cut edges are UNEVEN.
What does selvedge mean?
A selvage (US English) or selvedge (British English) is a “self-finished” edge of a piece of fabric which keeps it from unraveling and fraying. The term “self-finished” means that the edge does not require additional finishing work, such as hem or bias tape, to prevent fraying.
Is the selvage edge always straight?
The selvage line is generally always straight. Sometimes you will see it waver just a bit but it pretty much gives you a straight line. So, cut off the line of selvage in a straight line…. and you have your straight edge of fabric to work from.