- What is the grain line?
- How do you find the grain line?
- How can you tell if a fabric is biased?
- What does cutting on a bias mean?
- What does selvedge mean?
- How do you know which way the grain is on fabric?
- What is the cross grain of fabric?
- What is a Seamline?
- Where is the selvage on fabric?
- Which grain is most often used in garments?
- Which way is the grain on fabric?
- What is a nap in sewing?
- How do you determine if pattern pieces are placed on the straight of grain?
- What is a Grainline on a pattern?
What is the grain line?
The line of fabric that moves at a right angle to the crosswise grain is the lengthwise grainline.
This thread runs the entire length of the fabric and is parallel to the selvage.
Unless otherwise noted, grain or grainline generally refers to the lengthwise grain..
How do you find the grain line?
The grainline can be determined from the salvage. Sometimes, however, we do not have the salvage and have to find the grainline other ways. First, we can look at the fabric. Since the warp and weft are weaved together and run perpendicular to each other, we can find a straight thread and place the pattern.
How can you tell if a fabric is biased?
So if you have a piece of fabric laying down flat, and your selvage is along the bottom…….. Then you can fold edge of the fabric on the left, down to the selvage edge, creating a diagonal fold. If you cut right along that diagonal fold, you are cutting on the bias……or a 45 degree angle to the selvage.
What does cutting on a bias mean?
Bias cut means to ‘be cut on the grain’. Rather than following the straight line of the weave, the bias cut places the pattern at a 45° angle on the woven fabric. At this angle, the ‘warp’ and ‘weft’ threads give the fabric more of an elastic ‘stretch.
What does selvedge mean?
A selvage (US English) or selvedge (British English) is a “self-finished” edge of a piece of fabric which keeps it from unraveling and fraying. The term “self-finished” means that the edge does not require additional finishing work, such as hem or bias tape, to prevent fraying.
How do you know which way the grain is on fabric?
Fabric grain also affects the way fabric will hang and drape. It’s easy to figure out where the grain in a fabric is. To figure out where the grain is, pull your fabric in several directions. The direction with hardly any stretch is the direction of the grain.
What is the cross grain of fabric?
The cross grain runs perpendicular to the selvedge and parallel to the weft threads. The cross grain generally has more stretch than the straight grain since the weft threads are generally looser than the warp during weaving.
What is a Seamline?
Seamline is the line that you sew along, usually 5⁄8 inch in from the cutting line (outermost edge of the pattern piece that you cut along). Seam allowance is the distance between the cutting line and the seamline.
Where is the selvage on fabric?
The selvage is the tightly woven edge on either side of a width of fabric. The selvage doesn’t move or stretch the same as the rest of the fabric so you’ll want to cut them off (or square up) before cutting the rest of the fabric.
Which grain is most often used in garments?
straight grainThe straight grain is the grain used most often in garments.
Which way is the grain on fabric?
Fabric grain refers to the direction of the warp and weft threads used in weaving the fabric. Straight grain is in the direction of the warp threads, which run parallel to the selvages, and cross grain runs in the direction of the weft threads, which run perpendicular to the selvage edges.
What is a nap in sewing?
Essentials for Sewing Velvet, Corduroy, and Other Fabrics Since the 15th century, the term “nap” in sewing has referred to a special pile given to cloth. Pile refers to raised fibers that are there on purpose, rather than as a by-product of producing the cloth.
How do you determine if pattern pieces are placed on the straight of grain?
How to make sure your pattern piece is straight. For pattern pieces not cut on the fold, your piece is straight if the grainline is parallel to the selvage of your fabric. You need to use a tape measure or ruler to measure the distance from the grainline of your piece to the selvage of your fabric.
What is a Grainline on a pattern?
In a sewing pattern grainline refers to the lines marked on the pattern to give you directions on how to place it on the fabric.