Why Is The Grain Line Important?

Which direction is the grain of fabric?

Fabric grain refers to the direction of the warp and weft threads used in weaving the fabric.

Straight grain is in the direction of the warp threads, which run parallel to the selvages, and cross grain runs in the direction of the weft threads, which run perpendicular to the selvage edges..

Where is the selvage on fabric?

The selvage is the tightly woven edge on either side of a width of fabric. The selvage doesn’t move or stretch the same as the rest of the fabric so you’ll want to cut them off (or square up) before cutting the rest of the fabric.

What does cutting on a bias mean?

Bias cut means to ‘be cut on the grain’. Rather than following the straight line of the weave, the bias cut places the pattern at a 45° angle on the woven fabric. At this angle, the ‘warp’ and ‘weft’ threads give the fabric more of an elastic ‘stretch.

What does it mean to sew on the bias?

Sewing “on the bias” – in other words, when the fabric is cut at a 45 degree angle to the straight grain or selvedges – is a lovely way to create a flowing garment that hangs softly over your body. Yet it can be a bit fiddly, as merely looking at fabric cut at an angle seems to stretch it out of shape!

What is a nap in sewing?

Essentials for Sewing Velvet, Corduroy, and Other Fabrics Since the 15th century, the term “nap” in sewing has referred to a special pile given to cloth. Pile refers to raised fibers that are there on purpose, rather than as a by-product of producing the cloth.

What does the grain of the fabric mean?

Grain is the direction of the yarns in a fabric. … Technically, the term grain only refers to woven fabric; the term direction is frequently used with knit fabrics. Woven Fabric. The lengthwise yarns (sometimes called the warp) run parallel to the selvage edge of the fabric.

How do you cut the grain on fabric?

Cut a small square of cotton fabric with edges parallel to the straight grains. Tug on the fabric side to side, along one straight grain, then tug from the other direction. Tug on the square from corner to corner — along the bias.

Which fabric is heavy in weight?

These fabrics generally fall into these categories: Lightweight fabrics: chiffon, linen, organza, cheesecloth, lace, voile, mesh, habutai. Medium weight fabrics: sateen, oxford, velvet, taffeta and charmeuse. Heavy weight fabrics: upholstery fabric, canvas, brocade, poplin, denim and peau de soie.

What does selvedge mean?

A selvage (US English) or selvedge (British English) is a “self-finished” edge of a piece of fabric which keeps it from unraveling and fraying. The term “self-finished” means that the edge does not require additional finishing work, such as hem or bias tape, to prevent fraying.

Why is the Grainline important?

Grainline is essentially the weave of the fabric: which direction the threads are running. It’s important to understand because how you cut out a garment will change how the finished garment behaves. … The crossgrain are the threads running the width of the fabric – from one selvedge to the other.

Do you cut against the grain for waves?

Wave progressing – keep in mind the best way to maintain your hair wave progression is cut with the grain. It is much harder to see 360 hair waves when the hair is short as a result of cutting ATG.

How do you determine if pattern pieces are placed on the straight of grain?

How to make sure your pattern piece is straight. For pattern pieces not cut on the fold, your piece is straight if the grainline is parallel to the selvage of your fabric. You need to use a tape measure or ruler to measure the distance from the grainline of your piece to the selvage of your fabric.

Why is it important to iron with the grain of the fabric?

Pressing seams after they’ve been sewn not only controls the seam allowances, but it also causes the thread to meld into the fabric. This melding process is important, because without it, the thread sits on the surface of the fabric. … And pressing creates a kind of “memory” in the fabric.

Why should the fabric grain be straight before you pin and cut out a garment?

It’s really important to know which way the grain is running and if the grain is straight before cutting your pattern out on your fabric because fabric that is off grain or cut out on the wrong grain can cause your completed project to twist out of shape.

Do you cut fabric on the wrong side?

Fabric is usually folded right sides together for cutting. The only time it is cut right side out is if it has a design that must be taken into account and that does not show through to the wrong side. Fold the fabric as shown in the cutting layout on the pattern guide sheet.

What is a grain line?

The line of fabric that moves at a right angle to the crosswise grain is the lengthwise grainline. This thread runs the entire length of the fabric and is parallel to the selvage. … Unless otherwise noted, grain or grainline generally refers to the lengthwise grain.

What happens if you cut fabric against the grain?

It’s not uncommon to be given a direction like “cut against the grain”. If you make a mistake and sew along the bias or against the grain, then you could find your fabric starts to pucker in places. It may also start to stretch in areas that shouldn’t stretch.

What is the straight grain of fabric?

The straight grain is oriented parallel with the warp threads and the selvedge. The straight grain typically has less stretch than the crossgrain since the warp threads will be pulled tighter than the weft during weaving. Most garments are cut with the straight grain oriented top to bottom.

How do you find the grain line?

The grainline can be determined from the salvage. Sometimes, however, we do not have the salvage and have to find the grainline other ways. First, we can look at the fabric. Since the warp and weft are weaved together and run perpendicular to each other, we can find a straight thread and place the pattern.